Angular is one of the most popular frontend frameworks in use today. But believe it or not, there are still websites using AngularJS. These are legacy sites, and the developers may not feel the need to learn an entirely new framework for a site that isn’t all that big.
|Made By||The Angular team at Google, released in September 2016||Misko Hevery in Google, released in October 2010|
|How It Works||Uses components, which act as basic building blocks. These are independent elements that contain an HTML template and TypeScript class||Components in AngularJS exist as a subset of directives. Directives are markers attached to DOM elements, and decide element behavior|
|Features||Two-way data binding, dependency injection, server-side rendering, a component router with automatic code-splitting||MVC architecture, two-way data binding, directive packs, data filters, scopes, controllers, services, routing|
|Performance||Very good since it has a light core, with additional features contained in modules||Decent, but slower than Angular|
|Architecture||Model-View-Controller (MVC) with components that contain an HTML template, TypeScript class, and CSS selectors + styles||Model-View-Controller (MVC) with modules that contain controllers and directives|
|Dependency Injection||Has dependency injection||Doesn’t have dependency injection|
|CLI||Has a CLI||Doesn’t have a CLI|
|Mobile Support||Good support for mobile browsers||Not designed for mobile browsers|
Origin of Angular
All of these improvements make Angular a superior framework in terms of code reusability, scaling, maintenance, security, and performance. Version 2 was initially announced at the ng-Europe conference in October 2014, and got a Beta release in December 2015. The proper public release of Angular 2 was made on September 14, 2016.
Every version since then has been called Angular, while Version 1 and its derivatives have been moved into their own separate sphere. A team at Google takes care of development for Angular, constantly releasing new features and patching up issues. Because the framework is open source, several third-party libraries and plugins are available.
Origin of AngularJS
Here’s the interesting thing- before Angular 2, every version was just called Angular. But then, things got very confusing with the reworked framework. Both the developers at Google and the people using Angular for their projects needed a clearer method to differentiate between the old and new frameworks.
And it’s in an archived state which means no changes can be made. For those who want continued support because their legacy website still uses AngularJS, there is XLTS– Extended LongTerm Support. This is a fork of AngularJS developed and maintained by former team members from Google.
The license and contract for this fork are maintained by the XLTS team, who plan on supporting the framework through December 2026. Despite its many shortcomings compared to Angular, AngularJS is still a decent little framework for quick prototyping tasks. However, it lacks a CLI which means developers have to spend more time configuring external dependencies for things like debugging and testing.
Comparing How They Work
Both Angular and AngularJS are Model-View-Controller frameworks. MVC decides the application structure and data flow, it’s a development paradigm with three interlocking layers.
There’s the model which contains logic and exposes application functionality to the other layers. Then, there’s the view which renders a visual representation of the data provided by the model. Finally, there’s the controller which receives input and transforms it into commands/ data.
All three layers are linked to each other. The model transfers data to the view, while the view can send requests and updates to the model and controller. Using the MVC architecture allows for the separation of concerns on the server end.
It abstracts the UI from the logic allowing for more efficient parallel development. Angular is a more complete implementation of the MVC concept, thanks to its use of components. Each component in angular acts as a building block.
It combines TypeScript logic and HTML templates into one reusable block. The DOM in an Angular app or website is built from a hierarchal tree of components. In Angular, components are a subset of directives and always contain an HTML template.
In addition, components have CSS selectors and styles. To manage component behavior, directives are used. Attribute directives can change the appearance and behavior of a component or another directive.
Structural directives are used to edit the DOM by adding or removing elements. Components and directives help generate the view on a user’s screen. This view is the UI on your device and can contain things like buttons, forms, graphics, menus, tables, etc.
In AngularJS, a pack of directives does the job of components by enabling code reusability. Components do exist in AngularJS, but in a different form.
In AngularJS, components are treated as a special type of directive with a simpler structure compared to normal directives. Scope and controllers are used to control the flow of data, and bind the various layers together (model, view, controller).
Angular shifted a lot of its functionality into modules, creating a lighter core. This results in faster speeds compared to AngularJS.
Comparing The Features
Angular takes a lot of features from its predecessor and either improves these through new implementations or adds new ones on top. For instance, take the syntax for binding data between view and model. AngularJS requires the ng-bind directive while in Angular you use “()” for event binding and “” for property binding.
Another feature is dependency injection, which is not found in AngularJS. Dependency injection in Angular allows certain classes and elements to use services from another class or element. Dependencies can also be values, strings, or functions.
There is usually a dependency consumer and a dependency provider. Angular uses an Injector object to connect these two. Through dependencies, you take services from one part of your application and provide them to another part.
Angular has a Command Line Interface (CLI), which makes the process of creating and maintaining applications really simple. Through the CLI, developers can get access to several functions right from a command shell. These include analytics, the creation of components, testing, deployment, etc.
There is no CLI in AngularJS, so developers have to rely on external tools for similar tasks. Angular is also designed from the ground up to support mobile browsers. In comparison, AngularJS has far worse mobile support.
Comparing The Architecture
Angular uses a component-based architecture, whereas AngularJS relies on its directives. Both can be used to create large-scale apps that process tons of data, but Angular has the edge in terms of speed and modularity. Plus, Angular code is easier to manage as the app scales up.
That’s because it uses components and has dependency injection. In comparison, AngularJS relies on scopes and controllers to manage the data flow between elements. Both frameworks support two-way data binding.
Comparing The Mobile Support
AngularJS was initially released in 2010, and back then mobile browser support wasn’t as important as it is today. Smartphones in general were still in their nascent phase, and developers were figuring out what could be done with these new devices. In comparison, the first Angular (version 2) came out in 2016.
By then, having websites and apps that run well on smartphones was the industry trend. Hence, Angular webpages work better on mobile devices. It is also better suited to creating single-page applications since it has more efficient routing.
Angular is an evolution of AngularJS and offers far better support for modern browsers. It has features like a CLI and dependency injection that aren’t found in AngularJS. Plus, the core of Angular is lighter which makes it faster than AngularJS.However, there is still a place for AngularJS in modern web development and that’s why the XLTS project exists. It is not the best framework for a new web app. But existing sites that use AngularJS can still be optimized to look as good as new sites created with Angular.