|What Is It||Loosely typed ECMAScript compliant prototype-based language that’s interpreted during runtime within a browser||Strongly typed object-oriented programming language that is first compiled into bytecode before being interpreted at runtime by the JVM|
|Used For||Creating interactive web pages and web applications in conjunction with HTML and CSS||Creating desktop and Android applications, web apps, Big data, IoT, etc.|
|Created By||Brendan Eich at Netscape||James Gosling and Patrick Naughton at Sun Microsystems|
|Frontend Or Backend||Primarily used for client-side tasks within the browser in conjunction with HTML and CSS, although it can be ran on a server through Node||Primarily used for server-side tasks, but can just as easily work client-side since all it needs is a runtime environment|
|Syntax And Coding||Much more flexible and “human-friendly” since it’s prototype based and you don’t have to wrap everything inside classes||Code is more cumbersome and takes longer to write since everything has to be wrapped in a class with variable types declared beforehand|
|Application Build Time||Easy to get started and launch your app, but code gets progressively harder to maintain over time||Takes longer to build your app at the start, but you generally spend less time on maintenance as things move on|
|Time Needed To Learn||One of the easier languages due to its flexibility and “human-friendly” syntax||Takes slightly longer to learn the ins and outs of Java because of its more “rigid” nature|
HTML alone wasn’t sufficient to create interactive web pages. And in the early days of the world wide web, you barely did anything more than click on hyperlinks after reading through a static page of text. Okay, sometimes the text would be colored- but that’s all you got.
Netscape came up with Navigator in 1994, which was inspired by Mosaic. Navigator helped computer users take the next step into exploring an interconnected world, by providing them with a GUI. But Netscape wanted to make the webpages and applications themselves more interactive so you weren’t just staring at text.
Microsoft’s Internet Explorer had just dropped, and the guys at Netscape were very concerned, to say the least. Java never made it into the Navigator browser. But the name stuck, and it sure helped with marketing purposes.
How Java Was Created
Java has had quite an interesting career. It started out super popular in 1996 when Sun Microsystems initially released it. Then, it gradually lost traction and was accused by many of being inferior to other languages.
These days, interactive television and smart TVs are nothing special. But imagine someone creating an entire programming language back in the early 1990s for this specific task. When people were still using VHS and TVs that had those weird bunny-ear antennas on top.
That’s right, Java originally started out as a language for digital set-top boxes and smart TVs. But the cable companies and set-top box manufacturers just weren’t ready. And the team initially dabbled with some C++ but found that it was using too much memory.
Java started out as “Oak”. James Gosling gave it this name based on an oak tree outside his office window. But guess what- someone else had trademarked the name “Oak” so the team decided to call their baby “Java” (inspired by coffee beans).
Comparing The Usage
Now, moving on to Java. Java is generally used for server-side work or embedded applications. It is also integral to big data, cloud-based enterprises, and IoT communities.
Java is the language of choice for various SDKs and IDEs such as IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, NetBeans, etc. Its long history is filled with tons of documentation, APIs, libraries, etc. which make Java a very versatile language. Java is used everywhere because it’s scalable, supports multi-threading, and works across a wide range of platforms.
Comparing The Syntax And How They Work
Java is often referred to as a “strongly-typed” or statically typed language. But what does this mean? Okay, let’s say you’re writing a simple program to add two integers with variables declared as “a” and “b”.
In Java, you have to preface the variable with its type before you assign any values. So it would be something like “int a = 4” and “int b = 7” for the operation 4 plus 7. And once you’ve declared “a” as an integer type, you can’t modify it into a different type like a string, array, etc.
Each individual instance of this dog object will have various types and variables based on its class template. Like name, breed, color, weight, etc. In Java, just about everything has to be packed up inside a class of some kind.
Comparing The Popularity
Comparing The Time Need To Learn Each Language
Basic Java isn’t all that hard to learn, but you still have to keep in mind the fact that it’s class-based and statically typed. Plus, the environment to learn and develop a basic Java program requires more bits and pieces. You need to select a Java version, get an IDE, tell your tools where you installed Java, etc.
Java, on the other hand, has been facing a lot of stiff competition from rival languages like Python. However, both of these are still within the top 3 programming languages used by developers across the world. And they have their unique strengths (as well as weaknesses).